American public law has traditionally been understood as an insider's game. Within this understanding, law is following the rules laid down, particularly those laid down by the United States Supreme Court. Rigorous legal analysis treats Supreme Court opinions as self-contained exercises to be understood or criticized from. Managing to the bottom line, the task of the private sector is difficult enough. In the public sector, the problem is to manage in an environment where there is no " bottom line", where uncertainties are more prevalent than in business, relationships more complex, problems more difficult, and mistakes more exposed to the. Making bottom-up and top-down processes meet in public innovation. Eveliina Saaria*, Mikko Lehtonenb and Marja Toivonenc. aFinnish Institute of Occupational Health, P.O. Box 40, Helsinki, Finland; bDepartment of. Industrial Engineering and Management, BIT Research Centre, Aalto University, School of Science.